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Website Accessibility Challenges for People with Disabilities

There are many things that you need to consider if you want to make your website accessible to all. There are website accessibility standards that will help you in this regard such as the WCAG website accessibility guidelines. These guidelines are specifically created to help people with disabilities who would want to use the websites that they can find online. One of the most challenged individuals when accessing the web are the ones with visual impairments. For these people, they deal with common website accessibility barriers as a whole. Some of these issues include inaccurate or missing alt text, non-HTML content, navigation, headings, and layout. Such barriers have some effect on the ability of people with disabilities to make use of screen readers and other relevant technology to make them access the web.

Screen readers are commonly used by people with disabilities, which rely on keyboard commands. These features help people with disabilities get information about files, icons, various texts, and folders that are present on the screen. You can find screen readers among all operating systems. Any text that you can see on a page can be read as parts or as a whole. But then, you can only meet the standards of these screen readers when you think about website accessibility when creating your website. Technology that helps people with disabilities access the web relies on accessibility-enabled codes that are properly structured. You can expect errors in technology and screen readers used when there are faulty codes and code errors present.

If you are going to create a website for all, you need to be fully aware of common website accessibility barriers and how you can combat them. Two of the key elements to ensuring a more accessible website for everyone, especially those with disabilities, are layout and headings. The use of web headings is vital for website visitors to know what they need on your page. Instead of using decorative headings, you should aim to place them in a descending logical order for people with disabilities to interpret your web page properly. When it comes to reading HTML or CSS, screen readers vary. There are issues that screen readers deal with when they are unable to figure out the sequence of text presentation. The technology you find in screen readers is the reason why users will be able to look for certain text on screen since they don’t often go and read the entire web page. This is why a logical order should be followed when it comes to structuring HTML. Logical means that it should read from the right side, from top to bottom. This order ensures screen reader technology compliance.

In terms of navigation, it should be allow the screen reader to skip it for your website to be accessible. Moreover, using alternative tags and text for images is a must for people with disabilities to understand the content of the image.

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